Upcoming report on EU climate action – support for carbon capture and innovative renewables

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation
19/10/2018

On Tuesday 23 October 2018, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) will publish a special report on the effectiveness of EU funding to support commercial deployment of carbon capture and storage and innovative renewables.

ABOUT THE AUDIT
The ECA examined the design, management and coordination of the two dedicated EU funding programs worth almost €4 billion. The auditors assessed whether they made the progress expected in helping carbon capture and innovative renewables advance towards commercial deployment. They carried out audit visits to five Member States: Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom.
The report is expected to warn against poor achievements of EU support in terms of projects and results. The auditors are expected to single out the uncertainties in policies and rules as well as a lack of clear accountability and control. They will make a number of recommendations for improving the EU’s approach in view of the Innovation Fund to be launched in 2021.
ABOUT THE TOPIC
The EU climate and energy package for 2020 required an increased use and development of renewable energy sources and low carbon technologies. In 2009, the EU launched the European Energy Programme for Recovery with a budget of €1.6 billion to support carbon capture storage and offshore wind projects. At the same time, the EU created the New Entrants’ Reserve 300 funded by the sale of 300 million emission allowances (€2.1 billion). Both programmes set ambitious targets for carbon capture and storage and innovative renewable energy projects.

The ECA’s special reports set out the results of its audits of EU policies and programmes or management topics related to specific budgetary areas. The ECA selects and designs these audit tasks to be of maximum impact by considering the risks to performance or compliance, the level of income or spending involved, forthcoming developments and political and public interest.

Source: EUROPEAN COURT OF AUDITORS

Boeing, SAA and Mango Celebrate Africa’s First Commercial Flights with Sustainable Aviation Biofuel

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

‘Southern Africa Sustainable Fuels Initiative’ launched to ensure sustainable aviation biofuel supply

Johannesburg, July 15, 2016: Boeing, South African Airways (SAA) and low-cost carrier Mango today celebrated Africa’s first passenger flights with sustainable aviation biofuel. The flights coincided with Boeing’s 100th anniversary and centennial celebrations worldwide.

The SAA and Mango flights carried 300 passengers from Johannesburg to Cape Town on Boeing 737-800s using a blend of 30 percent aviation biofuel produced from Sunchem’s nicotine-free tobacco plant Solaris, refined by AltAir Fuels and supplied by SkyNRG.

“SAA is committed to a sustainable future and this flight highlights the bold steps we are taking to protect and preserve our environment while creating opportunities for the economic development of our people,” said Musa Zwane, acting CEO of SAA. “We are pleased to join the ranks of global airlines who have made a commitment to a better and cleaner way of flying.”

“It is fitting that on our 100 year anniversary we are flying on fuels ‎that not only power the flight, but ensure a sustainable future for our industry,” said Miguel Santos, managing director for Africa, Boeing International. “This project is a great example of environmental stewardship that delivers economic and health benefits to South Africa.”

Fuels collaboration

In 2013, Boeing and SAA launched their sustainable aviation fuels collaboration and in 2014, Project Solaris became the first focus project that converted oil from the Solaris plant seed into bio-jet fuel. In 2015, farms in Limpopo Province of South Africa, from which the biofuel for today’s flights was sourced, achieved certification from the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB), one of the strongest sustainability standards in the world. RSB certification provides a model for expansion of Project Solaris to larger scale production. The initiative also focuses on South Africa’s goals for public health, rural development and economic and employment opportunities for farmers by increasing production of Solaris and other feedstocks on under-utilized land.

The partners also launched a stakeholder and sustainability plan called the Southern Africa Sustainable Fuel Initiative (SASFI) to ensure a long-term domestic fuel supply for SAA and other regional fuel users. The goal is to scale-up over the next several years to gain additional biofuel capacity. If successful, farmers will be able to tap into local and global demand for certified feedstock without adverse impact to food supplies, fresh water or land use.

Studies have shown that sustainably produced aviation biofuel emits 50 to 80 percent lower carbon emissions through its life cycle than fossil jet fuel. Airlines around the world have conducted more than 2,500 passenger flights using various forms of aviation biofuel since it was approved for commercial use in 2011.

Boeing is the industry leader in global efforts to develop and commercialize sustainable aviation biofuel. In addition to its collaboration in Southern Africa, Boeing has active biofuel development projects in the United States, Middle East, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, Brazil and Australia. For more information, visit www.boeing.com/environment.

Source: Boeing

Neste: 4 Reasons Why the World Needs Biofuels

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Keilaranta, Finland, July 12, 2016: Neste, a pioneer in oil refining and renewable solutions and the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel, published today a statement explaining the company’s view on the world’s need  for biofuels.

Reason 1: Combating climate change

Combating climate change forces the world to seek alternative, low-carbon sources of energy and fuel. Since traffic is one of the largest sources of greenhouse gas, i.e. carbon emissions (CO2), substituting fossil fuels with renewable alternatives such as biofuels is an efficient way to reduce these emissions. Biofuels offer a solution to reduce carbon emissions of traffic when other solutions, such as switching to electric vehicles, is not an option due to high vehicle costs or lack of vehicle charging network, for example.

Reason 2: Responding to higher energy consumption

The expected increase in world population to 8 or even 10.5 billion by 2050, combined with significant economic growth in emerging economies will result in substantially increasing energy consumption. To be able to respond to this growing demand, we need to use natural resources more efficiently and increase the use of renewable energy, such as biofuels.

Reason 3: Securing energy supply

Increasing energy demand will pose challenges to security of supply as resources are scattered around the globe. Biofuels help to enhance and safeguard energy security by reducing the world’s reliance on fossil energy sources. Biomass is a resource that is more evenly distributed globally.

Reason 4: Making the most of scarce resources

Using waste and residue as raw materials for biofuels is an excellent example of answering to the needs of a circular economy. Reducing the amount of waste and making the most of our valuable natural resources is crucial for our future survival.

Source: Neste

Boeing, Embraer Unveil Newest ecoDemonstrator Aircraft

E170 airplane to test technologies to boost fuel efficiency and cut carbon emissions

Rio de Janeiro, July 7, 2016: ecoDemonstrator Aircraft – Boeing and Embraer S.A. unveiled the next phase of the Boeing ecoDemonstrator program today. The program expands Boeing and Embraer’s cooperation agreement and will test technologies to improve airplane environmental performance and accelerate their introduction into the marketplace.

An Embraer E170 will serve as the flying testbed and will feature advanced environmental technologies that will undergo operational testing in Brazil during August and September.

“Collaborating with Boeing on the ecoDemonstrator program in the structuring and implementation of new technologies tests reinforces, once again, Embraer’s commitment towards a sustainable future,” said Mauro Kern, Executive Vice President of Operations at Embraer. “At the same time, as we integrate and test different technologies in a single aircraft, we contribute to consolidate in Brazil a powerful tool to support technological development and innovation – the technology demonstrator platform.”

“As industry leaders, we have a unique opportunity to invest in technologies that encourage our industry’s long-term, sustainable development, while supporting our customers’ environmental goals,” said Boeing Chief Technology Officer John Tracy.

The ecoDemonstrator flights will test several technologies designed to reduce carbon emissions, fuel use and noise including:

  • LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) technology using lasers to measure air data parameters such as true airspeed, angle of attack and outside air temperature. LIDAR shows potential to increase air data reliabilityciency by complementing current sensors, which could lead to further innovations that improve fuel efficiency and reduce carbon emissions.
  • An “ice phobic” paint designed to reduce icing and help prevent accumulation of dirt and bugs due to its low adhesive property. The special paint can help operators save water by reducing the need for frequent aircraft washing.
  • A new wing design with improved slats to reduce noise on takeoff and approach.
  • Special sensors and air visualization techniques near the wing surface to better understand in-flight aerodynamics. This analysis could lead to further innovations to improve fuel efficiency and reduce carbon emissions, such as new wing designs.
  • A Brazilian-produced biofuel blend made up of 10 percent bio-kerosene and 90 percent fossil kerosene, the maximum mixture according to international standards. Studies have shown that sustainably produced aviation biofuel emits 50 to 80 percent lower carbon emissions through its life cycle than fossil jet fuel.

The ecoDemonstrator tests illustrate Boeing and Embraer’s continued investments to improve fuel efficiency and environmental performance of aircraft and meet the new carbon emissions standard announced by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) earlier this year.

The ecoDemonstrator collaboration expands a relationship that began in 2012 when Boeing and Embraer signed a cooperation agreement to benefit their customers, their companies and the global aviation industry. Since then, Boeing and Embraer have supported Embraer’s KC-390 defense aircraft program and improved runway safety by providing commercial customers with tools to reduce runway excursions. Last year Boeing and Embraer opened a joint biofuel research center in São José dos Campos to perform biofuel research and coordinate research with Brazilian universities and other institutions.

To date, the ecoDemonstrator program has tested more than 50 technologies, using a Next-Generation 737-800 (2012), 787 (2014) and 757 (2015) as flying testbeds.

Embraer E170

Boeing and Embraer unveiled the next phase of the Boeing ecoDemonstrator program. The program expands Boeing and Embraer’s cooperation agreement and will test technologies to improve airplane environmental performance and accelerate their introduction into the marketplace

For more information visit www.boeing.com/environment and www.embraer.com

Source: Boeing, Embraer

Mitsubishi: MRJ’s FTA-2 Completes First Flight

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Nagoya, May 31, 2016: Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) today conducted the first flight of the second flight test aircraft (FTA-2) of the MRJ (Mitsubishi Regional Jet), their next-generation regional jet.  FTA-2 took off from Nagoya Airport and confirmed its basic characteristics and functionality in airspace off the Pacific coast. FTA-2 will carry out flight tests primarily to confirm MRJ’s performances in the future.
“As with the first flight conducted with MRJ’s FTA-1 in November of last year, we had a quiet, smooth first flight with FTA-2,” said Hiromichi Morimoto, President, Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation. “After this, we will move ahead smoothly with development of the subsequent flight test aircraft, and make our utmost efforts towards type certificate acquisition and the first delivery.” Mitsubishi Aircraft and MHI are scheduled to establish their main base for flight testing this summer at Grant County International Airport at Moses Lake in Washington State, USA. They are committed to accelerating the development of the MRJ toward the first delivery in mid-2018.

With significant reductions in environmental emissions, the MRJ is the greenest jet in its class and years ahead of ICAO CAEP/8 standards. New geared turbofan engines from Pratt & Whitney and advanced aerodynamics with a high aspect ratio wing help the MRJ achieve a 20% reduced fuel consumption and a 40% reduction in noise area compared to similar regional jets. Its Effective Perceived Noise in Decibels (EPNdB) is already much lower than the future ICAO CAEP Chapter 14 noise standard.

Source: Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation

WestJet Supporting Canadian-made Aviation Biofuel

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Canadian Airline teams up with Alberta’s Clean Energy Technology Centre (CETC)

Calgary, April 22, 2016: WestJet today announced it has teamed up with Alberta-based, Clean Energy Technology Centre (CETC) to accelerate the development of sustainable aviation biofuel in Western Canada.

“WestJet’s collaboration with the CETC is an exciting first step in supporting the deployment of a sustainable fuel alternative in Western Canada,” said Geoffrey Tauvette, WestJet Director, Environment and Fuel. “WestJet has already made significant, demonstrable progress in our environmental commitment. As an example, our fleet investment over the last 15 years has improved our fuel efficiency by almost 50 per cent. The natural next step for us was getting actively involved in tapping Western Canada’s innovation potential in developing scalable, affordable and sustainable aviation biofuels.”

Presently aviation biofuels represent the biggest and best opportunity for aviation to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The focus now is developing sustainable sources to make the aviation biofuel, which Alberta’s Drayton Valley has in abundance. The location and proximity of Drayton Valley can help solve many of the challenges that face the development of the biofuel – namely finding an efficient and economical way of getting fuel from production to aircraft. The CETC itself is located in Drayton Valley, home also to the “Bio Mile,” an integrated bio-industrial park with close proximity to forestry and oil and gas industries whose infrastructure and human resources could eventually support the development of the alternative fuel source.

“We are excited to work with WestJet in these early stages and looking forward to what the future holds for aviation biofuels in Canada,” said, Manny Deol, CETC Chief Operating Officer. “We are extremely well positioned and we offer a full spectrum of advantages to clean energy researchers, entrepreneurs and innovators including location; ready access to feedstock; transportation networks; academic partnerships in Alberta and Europe; and a supportive community.”

“Drayton Valley’s Clean Energy Technology Centre is purpose-built to be an ideal complement with WestJet in this important venture,” said Glenn McLean, Drayton Valley Mayor. “Working together, Town Council and the Government of Alberta had the foresight to see how this location and our local assets would create a key hub for developing clean energy products and solutions.”

WestJet offers scheduled service to 100 destinations in North America, Central America, the Caribbean and Europe.

Source: WestJet

Neste: CO2 Recovery Plant Started Commercial Operation

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Recovering up to 40 tons of CO2 on a daily basis

Singapore, April 11, 2016: A carbon dioxide (CO2) recovery and liquefaction plant built at Neste’s renewable products refinery in Singapore has started commercial operation. Since the completion of its construction at the end of 2015 and start-up at the end of March 2016, the plant has been recovering the CO2-containing crude gas that is released as a by-product of Neste’s renewable fuel refining process. The recovery of CO2 is expected to cut Neste’s Singapore refinery’s CO2 emissions significantly at an annual level, while simultaneously increasing the refinery’s resource efficiency and decreasing the carbon footprint of the renewable products that Neste produces in Singapore.

The CO2 recovery plant was started up on March 28th, after which it has been recovering on average 35 to 40 tons of CO2 on a daily basis. The plant is expected to reach full production capacity during fall 2016. Neste estimates to supply the plant approximately 30,000 tons of carbon dioxide-containing crude gas annually.

The CO2 recovery plant is located at Neste’s Singapore refinery in the Tuas industrial area. The plant was constructed and it is operated by Neste’s Singaporean partner Leeden National Oxygen Ltd (LNOX), a subsidiary of Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation from Japan.

“Neste is proud of the excellent co-operation with LNOX offering not only an avenue to effectively utilize the by-products of the refining process, but also enabling us to decrease both the carbon footprint of our refinery as well as that of our renewable products,” explains Bart Leenders, Vice President Production, Renewable Products at Neste.

“LNOX is excited about the long-term and promising partnership with Neste Singapore and aims to enable both companies to enhance energy efficiency in their business, as well as to increase their operational yields in the course. Currently the recovered CO2 is utilized, for example, as raw material for welding gas, but we also plan to certify it to be used as a food grade product,” elaborated Simon Sim from LNOX.

Source: Neste Corporation

Australia: New Approach to Renewable Energy

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

Prime Minister Turnbull: ambitious but achievable

 

March 23, 2016: As announced by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, the Australian Government is establishing a A $1 billion Clean Energy Innovation Fund to support emerging technologies make the leap from demonstration to commercial deployment. The Australian government claims that this will drive innovation and create the jobs of the future, while delivering a financial benefit from the investment of public money. The A $1 billion Clean Energy Innovation Fund will be jointly managed by the Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) and the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), drawing on their complementary experience and expertise. It will provide both debt and equity for clean energy projects.

Prime Minister Turnbull in his statement: “The Government will retain and reinvigorate the Clean Energy Finance Corporation and the Australian Renewable Energy Agency as part of our strong commitment to supporting jobs and innovation through investment in clean and renewable energy in Australia. The refocused agencies will work together to provide capital investment in Australian businesses and emerging clean energy technologies.

We are promoting innovation and new economic opportunities, enhancing our productivity, protecting our environment and reducing emissions to tackle climate change.

An example of a project could be a large scale solar facility with storage in Port Augusta.

By offering innovative equity and debt products, the Clean Energy Innovation Fund can accelerate the availability of new technologies to transform the energy market, and deliver better value for taxpayers.

There is growing maturity in the clean energy market, but early stage clean energy projects can have trouble growing to the size and maturity needed to attract private equity. We will help plug this investment gap.

The Clean Energy Innovation Fund will target projects such as large-scale solar with storage, off-shore energy, biofuels and smart grids.

Clean energy is central to the Government’s strategy to address climate change and meet our emissions reduction targets.

We are committed to supporting the development, demonstration and deployment of renewable technologies – which will help transition Australia’s energy sector to low emissions over the course of the century.

ARENA will continue to manage its existing portfolio of grants and deliver the announced $100 million large-scale solar round, and will be given an expanded focus beyond renewable energy to enable energy efficiency and low emissions technology.

This will provide greater alignment with the CEFC and ensure that ARENA is able to support the full spectrum of emerging clean energy technology options.

Once the $100 million large-scale solar round is complete, ARENA will move from a grant based role to predominantly a debt and equity basis under the Clean Energy Innovation Fund.

The $1 billion Clean Energy Innovation Fund will be established from within the CEFC’s A $10 billion allocation. This Fund will make available $100 million a year for ten years.

The changes announced work hand in hand with the Emissions Reduction Fund, the Renewable Energy Target, the National Energy Productivity Plan and our broader support for clean energy to reduce emissions and drive productivity across the energy sector.

Our strong suite of climate change policies will work to achieve our commitment to reduce emissions by 26 to 28 per cent by 2030. This target is ambitious but achievable.”

Source: Australian Government

Heathrow to Reduce Freight Emissions

IASA: Nachhaltige Luftfahrt - Sustainable Aviation

New Tool to share information about any spare capacity

Heathrow, March 16, 2016: Heathrow revealed new plans for a WebPortal aimed at consolidating freight loads, and decreasing the amount of trucks and emissions on roads around the airport. Encouraging freight company partners to operate sustainably is one of ten priorities Heathrow has outlined for this year in its new Blueprint to Reduce Emissions, also launched today.

Incorporating sustainability into freight is a priority for Heathrow given the impact these operations have on the airport’s local environment. Heathrow is the largest freight port by value in the UK, handling over 1.5 million tons of cargo a year. This activity also generates a substantive amount of vehicle movements a day in the Heathrow area for servicing, deliveries and cargo operations, along with their related emissions.

Heathrow’s proposed WebPortal would be the UK’s first geographically specific system of its kind.  Subscribed members would exchange and share information about any spare capacity on their vehicles. Once a match has been found, operators could then negotiate a price for this space amongst themselves.

This Portal, along with measures like providing an off-airport distribution centre, increased monitoring of the use of local roads by freight vehicles, and tighter rules on vehicle licensing will ensure the number of freight vehicles will be maintained at similar levels to today’s in the future and that the lowest emission freight vehicles are encouraged to operate around Heathrow.

By collaborating with stakeholders across London, emissions of NOx from the airport have reduced by 16% over 5 years.

Source: Heathrow Airport

Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner Begins Major Assembly

Everett, Wash., March 15, 2016: Major assembly of the first Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner is underway, the latest major milestone in the development of the newest member of the super-efficient 787 family. Boeing partner Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. began installing the circular frames into the midforward section of the fuselage on March 14, a full two weeks ahead of schedule.

“Beginning major assembly early underscores the commitment, discipline and performance of the entire Boeing and partner team worldwide,” said Ken Sanger, vice president of 787 Airplane Development, Boeing Commercial Airplanes. “We are taking all the right steps to ensure we integrate the 787-10 into the production system smoothly.”

As a straightforward stretch of the 787-9, which entered service in 2014, Boeing designed the 787-10 for both superior efficiency and maximum commonality. Ninety-five percent of the design and build of the 787-10 and 787-9 will be identical, reducing complexity, cost and risk across the entire production system while providing operational benefits to customers.

The 787-10, which will undergo final assembly at Boeing South Carolina in North Charleston, will set a new benchmark in efficiency when deliveries begin in 2018. With a robust range capability covering more than 90 percent of the world’s twin-aisle routes, the 787-10 will deliver 25 percent better fuel use and emissions than the airplanes it will replace. To date, the 787-10 has won 153 orders from nine leading customers around the world, accounting for 13 percent of all 787 orders.

Boeing 787-10

Boeing partner Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. began installing the circular frames into the midforward section of the 787-10 fuselage on March 14, a full two weeks ahead of schedule

Source: Boeing

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